Commas Before and in a Series In American English usage, many writers and editors feel that a comma should precede and with three or more items in a series. If removing the phrase would change the meaning of the sentence, then it is restrictive and a comma should not be used. This policy applies to all personal data processed by the Business. Generally, British English does not make use of this extra comma, but most publications on the US do. For example: My dog is obedient, affectionate, and energetic. Sunday’s reception will feature a variety of elegant finger sandwiches: cream cheese and pineapple, marinated bell peppers and goat cheese, asparagus and butter and sliced cucumber and mint mayonnaise. Lynne Truss writes: "There are people who embrace the Oxford comma, and people who don't, and I'll just say this: never get between these people when drink has been taken." Numbers aren’t separated from other descriptions or from the word(s) that they describe. There’s no definitive answer, because different style guides recommend different usage. We use commas while combining multiple phrases in one sentence or writing about different items in a list. According to The Little, Brown Handbook (Fowler and … Use commas to separate words and word groups in a simple series of three or more items. A lot of people have strong feelings about putting a comma before and in a list. The serial comma comes before the final conjunction in a list. At one time the Brits did use it, but without wanting to get … c. adequate, relevant and limited to what is necessary in relation to the purposes for which they are processed; Serial Commas and Serial Semicolons By Erika Suffern Serial Commas. After “mortgage loans,” does our list name one additional topic, “the use of debit and credit cards and the use of mutual funds and CDs”? Unfortunately, there is no simple rule, such as: Never put a comma before … First, let’s look at lists. Lawful, fair and transparent processing 3. S hould you use a comma before and/or after “etc.”? The court agreed: if the state wanted “distribution” to be its own item in the list, they should have used a damn comma. Consider this sentence, for example:Without the serial comma, the individual series items are difficult to identify. Quite possibly (especially if Huey were a jerk), Huey would get half the money, and Dewey and Louie would have to split the other half. Either way, Ella should learn to control her temper.. Add comma before first number with formulas 1. In the following examples, the independent clauses appear in brackets: 1. d. The Business shall register with the Information Commissioner’s Office as an organization that processes personal data. Without the serial comma, the sentence does not clearly indicate that each of the three children is to be given an equal share of the inheritance. Access to personal data shall be limited to personnel who need access, and appropriate security should be in place to avoid unauthorised sharing of information. It’s almost always optional to put a comma before and in a list. Commas Before and in a Series. A list of items can be punctuated like this: We need … b. d. Appropriate back-up and disaster recovery solutions shall be in place. Why it is wrong: The sentence has one subject (Ella) and two verbs (wrote, screamed). You need commas between each item on the list, with one important exception. 2. On the other hand, if removing the phrase does nothing to the meaning of the sentence, and it still makes sense, then the phrase is non-restrictive and a comma should be used. There are more usages of a comma, for example, how adding or removing comma before and after a name changes the meaning of the sentence — In this Grammar.com article let us understand how to correctly use commas with names. ) isn't "in" the list - it precedes the list. Example: The dog and the cat were named Jack and Sam, respectively, and they lived down the street from me. We don’t know for certain, but we can suppose that print journalists omit the serial comma because in the early days of their profession, when most news was still delivered in print, saving keystrokes meant saving money. (An independent clause is one that can stand by itself as a simple sentence.) If removing the phrase would change the meaning of the sentence, then it is restrictive and a comma should not be used. In American English usage, many writers and editors feel that a comma should precede and with three or more items in a series. There’s a long-running debate over whether it’s proper to include that last comma in a list. The serial comma is an extra comma you will often see placed before “and/or” in US based English. b. collected for specified, explicit and legitimate purposes and not further processed in a manner that is incompatible with those purposes; further processing for archiving purposes in the public interest, scientific or historical research purposes or statistical purposes shall not be considered to be incompatible with the initial purposes; You aren’t joining two complete sentences, so you shouldn’t place a comma before and. If it is, I would like to be more enlightened, because, for a list of words that is three and above, comma would be used to separate list of the worlds until you get to the last two when you will use “and” to separate them. The same rules apply for titles. At one time the Brits did use it, but without wanting to get … In English language punctuation, a serial comma, or series comma (also called an Oxford comma or Harvard comma), is a comma placed immediately after the penultimate term (i.e. Comma (,) Use a comma after the first independent clause when you link two independent clauses with one of the following coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet. The commas between these items are signals. a. With three list items, use a comma between the list items and before the 'and' (or whatever conjunction) if it's your local convention. a. The 'Oxford comma' is an optional comma before the word 'and' at the end of a list: We sell books, videos, and magazines. comma before “and” looks like a new thing in Grammar world. Read more about commas in lists. Place a comma between each item in the list, unless you are writing in Associated Press style. [, In the final round of the cooking competition, the contestants had to prepare three different quiches: broccoli, ham, and cheese and spinach. Or does it contain three more items, “the use of debit and credit cards,” “mutual funds,” and “CDs”? As with many comma related questions, the answer depends on whether the phrase in question is restrictive or non-restrictive. Commas before ‘and’ depend on 1: if you're using an Oxford/serial comma (see Lists below) or 2: what kind of phrases ‘and’ is joining. When the date appears in the middle of a sentence, commas should … Commas are used to separate list items. A comma is also used before the words "and" or "but" to join two independent clauses. Say you’re talking about a new house. First, it is used in a list when three or more words, phrases or even complete sentences are joined by the word and or or; we might call this construction an X, Y and Z list: The Three Musketeers were Athos, Porthos and Aramis. In the first case, the “serial comma” or “Oxford comma” is used after the penultimate item in the list. In the event of a breach of security leading to the accidental or unlawful destruction, loss, alteration, unauthorised disclosure of, or access to, personal data, the Business shall promptly assess the risk to people’s rights and freedoms and if appropriate report this breach to the ICO (more information on the ICO website). It occurs in two slightly different circumstances. A list of items can be punctuated like this: We need bread, milk, cheese, and eggs. Writers frequently wonder whether a comma should go before the conjunction and in a list of three or more items. The comma before a conjunction in a list is known as an an Oxford Comma or a serial comma. Definitions a. GDPR means the General Data Protection Regulation. Restrictive ⇒Don’t Use a Comma Non-restrictive ⇒ Use a Comma Commas before ‘and’ depend on 1: if you're using an Oxford/serial comma (see Lists below) or 2: what kind of phrases ‘and’ is joining. The Listing Comma. A compound sentence is one that contains two or more independent clauses joined by one or more coordinating conjunctions—most commonly, and. In American English usage, many writers and editors feel that a comma should precede and with three or more items in a series. Business means Get It Write Online. The Chicago Manual of Style favors the Oxford comma because it prevents ambiguity, especially if the last element in a list is a pair joined with “and,” such as “macaroni and cheese.” Ex: Let’s start simple. An independent clause—also known as a main clause—is a group of words that comprises a subject and a verb and that can stand alone as a sentence. The school has a vegetable garden in which the children grow cabbages, onions, potatoes, and carrots. First, it is used in a list when three or more words, phrases or even complete sentences are joined by the word and or or; we might call this construction an X, Y and Z list : c. Individuals have the right to access their personal data and any such requests made to the Business shall be dealt with in a timely manner. There are more usages of a comma, for example, how adding or removing comma before and after a name changes the meaning of the sentence — In this Grammar.com article let us understand how to correctly use commas with names. 5. When you read the list aloud, the commas emerge as breaths: Charlie has to buy flashlight batteries [breath] butter cookies [breath] ice cream [breath] and cake. Appositives act as synonyms for a … To ensure that personal data is kept for no longer than necessary, the Business shall put in place an archiving policy for each area in which personal data is processed and review this process annually. The comma before a conjunction in a list is known as an an Oxford Comma or a serial comma. Commas should be used before and when joining two independent clauses or when compiling a list. Use a pair of commas in the middle of a sentence to set off clauses, phrases, and words that are not … We'll show you how to use conjunctions, clauses, relative pronouns, and the proper way to use a comma after "and" with our comma cheat sheet. The comma in front of the word and is optional. We tend to think we are being clear because we know what we mean to say. - To separate items in a list, e.g. The listing comma is used as a kind of substitute for the word and, or sometimes for or.It occurs in two slightly different circumstances. Although many of us were taught not to use a comma before and in a list, today the vast majority of style guides do advocate the use of the serial comma because it can prevent a possible misreading. But we are usually poor judges of our own clarity (or lack thereof). d. Where communications are sent to individuals based on their consent, the option for the individual to revoke their consent should be clearly available and systems should be in place to ensure such revocation is reflected accurately in the Business’s systems. Last updated 1/29/19 According to The Little, Brown Handbook (Fowler and … b. S hould you use a comma before and/or after “etc.”? Do you go to the store for “cupcakes, vanilla, and chocolate” or “cupcakes, vanilla and chocolate”? The serial comma is an extra comma you will often see placed before “and/or” in US based English. a. Before joining words. Data minimization: The Business shall ensure that personal data are adequate, relevant and limited to what is necessary in relation to the purposes for which they are processed. 2. In that case, you would not place a comma before the "and" that joins the final two items. Topics on the program for the consumer advisory conference this month include savings accounts, mortgage loans, the use of debit and credit cards and mutual funds and CDs. If your writing looks professional, so do you. 2. In fact, the rules for using commas are really rather simple, though complicated by the fact that the comma has four distinct uses. Sunday’s reception will feature a variety of elegant finger sandwiches: cream cheese and pineapple, marinated bell peppers and goat cheese, asparagus and butter, and sliced cucumber and mint mayonnaise. The Register of Systems shall be reviewed at least annually. For example, some would write the sentence “I am industrious, resourceful and loyal,” using no comma before the “and.” This practice is fine as long as you are consistent in applying it. The Business is committed to processing data in accordance with its responsibilities under the GDPR. But hold it! There’s no definitive answer, because different style guides recommend different usage. The sentence is correct with or without the comma before and. Use a comma to separate items in a list (but beware of the serial comma). Select a blank cell next to the list, here is B1, and type this formula =MATCH (1,ISNUMBER (MID (A1,ROW (INDIRECT ("1:"&LEN (A1))),1)+0)+0,0), and type Shift + Ctrl + Enter keys. a. Restrictive ⇒Don’t Use a Comma Non-restrictive ⇒ Use a Comma The graduation speaker told a riveting story about his father, a drug addict, and an ex-convict. Leaving the comma out before “and” in a list of three or more items seems to join the last two items, at least to me. Her Wilks score is 302. Or the table may be covered with gifts, all of which fall into one of two categories—food or flowers. You need commas between each item on the list, with one important exception. In The Lawyer’s Book of Rules for Effective Legal Writing, Thomas R. Haggard says, “The serial comma is essential in legal writing because it promotes clarity” (17). Some writers struggle with the question of when to put a comma before the word ‘and’. Right: Ella wrote a statement for the media and then screamed at Larry for an hour. Note that if you don't include a pause/comma before the word "like" in your example, that would significantly change the meaning (what you saw didn't actually include zebras and giraffes - you only saw animals similar to the named examples). You usually put a comma before and when it’s connecting two independent clauses. 1. For example, a list of three countries might be punctuated either as "France, Italy and Spain" (without the serial comma) or "France, Italy, and Spain" (with the serial comma). To ensure its processing of data is lawful, fair and transparent, the Business shall maintain a Register of Systems. Serial Commas and Serial Semicolons By Erika Suffern Serial Commas. 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