Here are 18 small trees that are ideal for landscaping tight spaces. If you want to plant these trees in containers, be aware that container-grown trees are more susceptible to cold. Take the word "thorn" in the name of this tree seriously. The Dogwood Tree is a majestic ornamental, well adapted to life in the United States. Other common names: Eastern Flowering Dogwood Other scientific names: Cynoxylon floridum French names: Cornouiller fleuri Family: Dogwood Family (Cornaceae) Group: Dogwoods Distinctive features: Shrub; This dogwood is distinguished by its showy large white flowers that bloom in early spring. With its mysterious bracts that pose as blooms and its luminous pink-to-white colors, the dogwood is one of the most-prized ornamental trees in the home garden, providing a graceful close to spring. The genus Cornus incorporates a vast array of trees and shrubs and even a ground cover called "dwarf dogwood." This species and the Pacific dogwood are prone to … Flowering Dogwood Trees | Cornus Trees Cornus offer plenty of interest from spring to autumn, with varieties falling into one of two distinct groups. The mature black fruit are a favorite of birds. but blooms later and will bloom again if you deadhead it (remove spent blooms). Chamaecyparis nootakatensis ‘Vanden Akker’: Skinny is the best word to describe this columnar tree for small yards and gardens. Another excellent specimen among the smaller dogwoods, the Red Pygmy dogwood (Cornus florida 'Red Pygmy'), is a tiny cultivar that reaches a 7-foot height with a 2- to 5-foot spread, according to Missouri Botanical Garden. There are dwarf varieties that only grow around 8 to 10 feet tall, as well as larger varieties that can reach 40 feet over time. There are over 50 species within the Cornus, or Dogwood, genus. What it looks like. In spring, dogwood trees explode with white (or sometimes pink or red) bracts centered with small clusters of yellow flowers. The clover-like leaves allow some dappled sun to break through, but it is the long clusters of brilliant yellow flowers that make this tree a stunner. They like moisture, but soggy soil can kill them. While you would not want to plant a small hawthorn where children or pets will be playing, this tree offers beautiful white spring flowers, long-lasting red fruits that are popular with birds, and glowing orange fall foliage. Many have attractive bark, such as the white paper bark birch and river birch, along with wonderful golden fall color. Ensure well-drained, somewhat acidic soil. In a very small yard or even just a patio or balcony, these small dogwoods happily grow in containers, depending on the climate. dogwood bloom image by robert mobley from Fotolia.com Blooming at about the same time as redbud trees in the eastern American woodlands, pink flowering dogwoods (Cornus florida forma rubra) produce pink to rose to rose-red bracts around their true tiny greenish-yellow flowers. Although it's called the chaste tree, this plant is really more of a deciduous shrub. There are several species and varieties of serviceberry that make excellent landscape plants. Temple Jewel Prune in the early spring if you need to remove damaged portions or shape the plant. So, if you live in the colder end of the growing zones, be sure to mulch the trees heavily in winter. A cultivar of the Kousa dogwood, Little Poncho (Cornus kousa ‘Little Poncho’), is one of the best-known mini dogwoods. Its needles are very dense, and it retains its pyramidal shape without pruning. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. After establishment, dwarf dogwoods require about 1 inch of water per week during dry periods. Good drainage is a necessity for your planting site. This cultivar is a slow-growing tree that typically reaches just 3 feet tall after five years, then matures to its full 7-foot height at 10 years. If you have a small yard, focus on your vertical space. Some bloom in late winter before the leaves open, and others put on their show in the fall. In spring, these native trees ( Cornus florida ), which grow only to 20 to 30 feet, explode with white (or sometimes pink or red) bracts centered with small clusters of yellow flowers, shouting that winter is finally over. According to Missouri Botanical Garden, it grows in USDA zones 2 to 6, thriving in these cool-to-cold climates in the shade of trees or nearby structures. Although they can reach 60 feet tall, they have a narrow spread at their base, and their canopy will still allow dappled sunlight to pass through into a small yard. Similar species: • Alternate-leaved Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) - has alternate leaves. The showy, white flowers of the Japanese stewartia tree open over a series of weeks in midsummer. It produces deep pink to red full-size flowers in spite of its small form, blooming in late April and May, according to Rutgers University. The flowers can be 10 inches across, giving them their common name of "saucer." But there are many small trees that should suit your space. Whether you are looking for a little shade or a bit of color to brighten your property, these trees mature at under 30 feet tall and generally require minimal maintenance to look great. Plant one of these for a lavish pop of white, pink, or red flowers … This is a very ornamental specimen tree that grows slowly but can eventually reach heights of over 30 feet. … Saucer magnolias might need a bit of shaping through pruning, but they don't grow much taller than 20 to 25 feet. Just be sure to keep the soil moist, especially if you go through stretches without rain. Uses. Flowering Dogwood sometimes grows to the size of a small tree. Enhancing the flowers is the peeling bark in mottled shades of orange, red, brown, and gray. Once the name dogwood was affixed to this kind of tree, it soon acquired a secondary name as the Hound's Tree, while the fruits came to be known as dogberries or houndberries (the latter a name also for the berries of black… Select varieties of dogwood trees are native to the United States, have fragrant white flowers and can grow in full shade. Once it matures to 15 to 25 feet in height, the thorns should not be a problem. Most grow to only 15 to 25 feet tall. Small Dogwood Tree Varieties.Apr 29, 2015 - The name "dog-tree" entered the English vocabulary before 1548, becoming "dogwood" by 1614. These species vary wildly, from shrubs to deciduous temperate trees and evergreens. Dogwood Trees belong to the genus Cornus and are a popular small to mid-sized specimen tree with masses of white, pink or red flowers in late spring followed by striking fall foliage on most varieties. Wolf Eyes This is a small variety of the kousa dogwood, growing to only about ten feet in height. Flowering Dogwoods are best planted in full sun and cool, moist, acidic soils. The plant has an attractive spreading habit that opens into a vase-like shape. Dogwoods can benefit from a 2- to 4-inch layer of mulch to help maintain moisture around the roots in warm summers. Paper birches generally need minimal pruning. It spreads by underground runners, creating a veritable forest of dogwoods. Popular with early butterflies, the eastern redbud averages 20 to 30 feet in height. The latter two are introduced species that have earned a place in American gardens because they are more disease resistant than native species. Eastern redbuds burst into flower in the very early spring before they leaf out. Golden chain trees have a distinctive green bark. You can easily control its size with pruning. Fast Growing Trees recommends adding no additional fertilizer for Little Poncho, which should grow 4 to 8 inches per year; in fact, most dogwoods require little fertilizer. Plus, its unusual, fragrant, thread-like flowers give the plant another common name: the silk tree. Crepe myrtles bloom on new wood and should be pruned in late winter. This is a good specimen tree for a location with acidic soil and afternoon shade. Types of Kousa Dogwood. Alternate-leaved Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) Gray Dogwood (Cornus racemosa) Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus stolonifera) Rough-leaved Dogwood (Cornus drummondii) Round-leaved Dogwood (Cornus rugosa) Pawpaw trees have foot-long leaves and tropical-looking fruits with a flavor described as a cross between an avocado and a sweet mango. It is often compared to the butterfly bush (Buddleja spp.) Witch hazel trees have shaggy, citrus-scented blossoms in rich shades of yellow, orange, and red. Other dogwoods have clusters of small, creamy-white flowers. The toothed, dark-green foliage is attractive from spring to fall and makes a wonderful foil for the flowers. If you have a small garden or are otherwise lacking in space, this is a great option. Both Little Poncho and Red Pygmy don't require a shady spot; these trees thrive in sun. On average, crabapples stop growing at around 12 to 15 feet tall. Dogwood Tree Types Of the 17 species of dogwood native to North America, the four most common garden types are native flowering dogwoods, Pacific dogwood, Cornelian cherry dogwood and kousa dogwoods. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. It produces pink flowers and boasts white margins on its leaves. Also, aim to plant a young eastern redbud and then leave it in place, as these trees typically don’t do well with transplanting. Once the name dogwood was affixed to this kind of tree, it soon acquired a secondary name as the Hound's Tree, while the fruits came to be known as dogberries or houndberries (the latter a name also for the berries of black… But if you thin out branches to improve air circulation, it can help to prevent insect and fungal problems. Missouri Botanical Garden: Cornus canadensis, Fast Growing Trees: Little Poncho Dwarf Dogwood, Fine Gardening: A Small Tree With Four-Season Impact, Missouri Botanical Garden: Cornus florida 'Red Pygmy', Information About the Burgundy Belle Red Maple Tree. Brighten up your landscape with an adorable version of a Dogwood. What are your options? In the Midwest, this is a hardier substitute for the acid-loving flowering dogwood. Choose a location in the sun or part shade to enjoy these beautiful specimens. Kousa dogwood* (Zones 5-8): A 20-to-30-foot tree that’s draped in snow-white or rosy-pink flowers Lollipop crabapple (Zones 3-8): A 10-to-15-foot tree with a slender spread of bushy, white flowers Cornelian cherry dogwood* (Zones 4-8): A slow-growing tree that reaches 25 feet and displays clusters of yellow flowers in very early spring Also, the trunks of young trees are often floppy and can benefit from staking. It is the long clusters of flowers that make this tree so enticing for both people and butterflies. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, Dwarf Alberta Spruce (Picea Glauca 'Conica'). The branches of weeping cherry trees can be covered in flowers from their crown to the tips brushing the ground. They can reach heights of 25 to 30 feet. February 18, 2009. Pacific Dogwood (Cornus Nuttallii) Pacific dogwoods are native to the west coast of North America. Dogwood Tree Planting, Care, Varieties and Facts Tags english garden trees garden trees decorations garden trees front yards large garden trees tall garden trees This is a slow-growing tree that matures to a height of around 15 feet with a similar canopy spread. Some grow only 8 to 10 feet tall while others will mature at around 20 feet. Dogwood trees are fast growers that can handle a partially shaded site. They are beloved for their delicate leaves, which can be deeply lobed, sometimes to the point of being fringed. Dogwood trees are renowned for their distinctive pretty flower bracts and large ornamental berries, whilst Dogwood shrubs are loved for their vivid coloured stems that really come into their own in winter. This 4- to 8-inch tall diminutive member of the Cornus genus is also known as "bunchberry, "bunchberry dogwood" and "Canadian dwarf cornel.". Consider mulch around your tree to keep its roots cool. Foliage will … Dark green leaves, 3 to 6 inches long, turn an attractive red in fall. These are spring bloomers that look best when given a prominent spot of their own in which they can spread out. Ornamental crabapple (Malus spp.) It’s low-maintenance, with pruning only necessary for shaping or to remove damaged portions. Species include the common dogwood Cornus sanguinea of Eurasia, the widely cultivated flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) of eastern North America, the Pacific dogwood Cornus nuttallii of western North America, the Kousa dogwood Cornus kousa of eastern Asia, and two low-growing boreal species, the Canadian and Eurasian dwarf cornels (or bunchberries), Cornus canadensis and Cornus suecica … However, it does not tolerate pollutants and salt spray very well, so plant it away from roads. These are smallish trees, reaching a height of around 15 to 30 feet. … Generally, it doesn’t have many problems with pests or diseases. A seriously small cultivar, the dwarf dogwood (Cornus canadensis) has many of the traits of a traditional dogwood although it's not not actually a tree, but a ground cover. As long as you offer the tree plenty of water and sunshine, like most plants, the Dogwood will do just fine. Their average height is 20 to 40 feet tall. 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