0000001054 00000 n 37 0 obj <>stream Kentucky Bluegrass is no exception. Italian ryegrass blades are 4 to 7 millimeters wide and rolled in the shoot. Regular soil testing can help you maintain healthier pH balance and rich color with the help of mineral supplements, soil amendments, and quality lawn fertilizers. Kentucky bluegrass is known as the ideal lawn grass, fescues are known for shade and low maintenance, and perennial ryegrass is typically known for speedy germination and not much more. 0000005469 00000 n Therefore, it is widely considered to be the most important lawn grass in the United States. Mercury Kentucky bluegrass is a medium dark green color and performs well in shade or sun conditions. Seasonal availability will determine which Kentucky Bluegrass varieties are included in the mix. 0000004718 00000 n Moreover, perennial ryegrass offers a denser turf and is more resilient to wear than the annual variety. This means if you don’t want to put much effort into mowing your lawn bluegrass is a great choice for you! Kentucky bluegrass (Poa praetensis) and two species of ryegrass -- Italian ryegrass (Lomium multiflorum) and perennial ryegrass (Lomium perenne) -- are cool season turf grasses native to Europe. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. You should not be pitching perennial ryegrass against Kentucky bluegrass. Compare the flower or seedheads, if they are present. Most exciting is our new product lines that will be hitting the 2017 NTEP’s. ft. per growing season with minimal accumulation of thatch. This mix contains great color and fine texture for sunny to partial shady areas. It has excellent disease resistance and good heat, drought, and wear tolerance. Perennial ryegrass vs. Kentucky bluegrass. Northeast lawns need grasses that prefer cool temperatures and naturally resist diseases prevalent in this region. Comparing Kentucky Bluegrass to other common types of grass is the best way for you to find the right one for your lawn. 0000000616 00000 n Also, the latter does not take too kindly to regular mowing. Kentucky bluegrass – scientifically known as Poa pratensis – typically grows to a height of between 18-24 inches, with a canoe-shaped leaf tip. Bluegrass lawns require more fertilizer than Tall Fescue. Kentucky Bluegrass vs Perennial Ryegrass. This is a great product that comes to you certified and thoroughly tested. Lynn Doxon has a Ph.D. in horticulture, is a retired cooperative extension specialist and teaches courses in urban farming. This grass is not planted as part of a permanent turf, but will reseed itself and can come back if it was planted once and allowed to go to seed. 0000000850 00000 n Once established from the seed, it spreads via underground rhizomes to form a thick and dense turf. Kentucky bluegrass blades are boat-shaped at the end while perennial ryegrass blades are sharply tapered at the end. Ryegrass is often used to overseed warm season lawns and sports fields or mixed with Kentucky bluegrass in northern lawns. Moreover, perennial ryegrass offers a denser turf and is more resilient to wear than the annual variety. The recommended lime, phosphate and potash can be applied anytime, but For renovation or new establishment avoid mixes that have more than 20% perennial ryegrass as its seedlings can overwhelm the other species. Doxon wrote the Yard and Garden column for the "Albuquerque Journal" and numerous magazine and newspaper articles and cooperative extension service guides. For existing average quality lawns this is a good mixture of species, and chances are your lawn already has some of these species established. Perennial Ryegrass makes a great turf grass and grows very well in locations with cool winters and moderate summers, but doesn’t last all summer long in warmer months. %%EOF Kentucky bluegrass spread itself and sod forming grass. Annual vs. Perennial Ryegrass – Key Differences ; ... For example, perennial ryegrass seed is often mixed with Kentucky bluegrass (a cold-season grass that is very slow to germinate) seed to add strength, and allow the latter to repair itself, while the former is in its full growth mode. Kentucky bluegrass does take longer to germinate than perennial ryegrass, commonly 7 to 14 days. Cold winters, cool summers and high humidity create challenging conditions for many plants, including lawn grasses. Kentucky bluegrass seed heads are loose, branched pyramids while ryegrass seedheads are long spikes. 0000007013 00000 n The optimal soil pH for Kentucky bluegrass is 5.8 – 7.0. NEW ARRIVALS. Novel Ag and Columbia River Seed have been working on this project and look forward to … N/1000 sq. For renovation or new establishment avoid mixes that have more than 20% perennial ryegrass as its seedlings can overwhelm the other species. 50/50 Kentucky Bluegrass/Perennial Ryegrass Turf Mix is a blend of Kentucky Bluegrasses and Perennial Ryegrasses for quick emergence while Kentucky Bluegrasses fills in. 0 Kentucky bluegrassflourishes throughout the Northeast and the entire northern ti… Scrape aside some soil with a shovel to determine if the individual plants are connected by rhizomes. Subject to change at any time. Pennington Kentucky 31 Tall Fescue Grass Seed. Kentucky bluegrass and perennial ryegrass blades are.2 to.5 millimeters wide and folded in the bud shoot. Fast-growing perennial ryegrass, for example, germinates in one-third the time of KBG. Regular soil testing can help you maintain healthier pH balance and rich color with the help of mineral supplements, soil amendments, and quality lawn fertilizers. **Kentucky bluegrass seedlings are extremely poor competitors during establishment. Observe the growth habit of the grasses. The bluegrass video discusses the differences between bluegrass and perennial ryegrass since they are often mixed together and look similar. They grow best in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 through 7, but are used as winter grasses in warmer zones. Tall fescue grass is an ideal grass type for the … Also, the latter does not take too kindly to regular mowing. Kentucky bluegrass is slightly slower to establish than many other cool-season grasses. 0000008500 00000 n Most cool-season sods are improved Kentucky bluegrass varieties because their spreading rhizomes intertwine to form a strong sod. Test Soil - Collect a random soil sample and take to your County Extension Office for analysis. The ligule is an appendage at the base of the leaf blade that is long and membranous (it looks like scotch tape) on annual bluegrass, but is short or absent on Kentucky bluegrass (photos). The perennial ryegrass germinates in five to seven days. Replicator is a turf tetraploid perennial ryegrass with superb stress tolerance and heat and disease resistance. Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 8, and Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis) is hardy in zones 2 through 7. Kentucky 31 tall fescue is broad leaved, coarse and light green in color. Annual bluegrass usually has a lighter lime-green color than Kentucky bluegrass, but for a positive identification you need to take a closer look at the ligule. How to Dig Up a Lawn to Replant Grass Seed, How to Kill Fescue Grass in a St. Augustine Lawn, Texas A & M University Extension: Ryegrass, Texas A & M University Extension: Kentucky Bluegrass, How to Revive Centipede & St. Augustine Grasses. Higher seeding rates ensure quicker ground cover. To decide if it is the right species of grass for your lawn, take a look at the pros and cons of Kentucky Bluegrass: The Pros of Kentucky Bluegrass. 0000000929 00000 n Perennial Ryegrass is the fastest germinating grass, making it great when you need a green lawn in a hurry, but then grows very slowly. Kentucky bluegrass has a boat-shaped leaf tip. 0000006241 00000 n Since this is a cool-weather grass, it will need regular watering in warmer weather. 0000009525 00000 n A stand planted to one pound of perennial ryegrass and one pound of Kentucky bluegrass 0000000016 00000 n It is known as a bunch-type grass, growing in clusters, according to Ohio State University. Let’s look first at the type of grass known as tall fescue. The bluegrass video discusses the differences between bluegrass and perennial ryegrass since they are often mixed together and look similar. Annual bluegrass usually has a lighter lime-green color than Kentucky bluegrass, but for a positive identification you need to take a closer look at the ligule. Bluegrass spreads by both tillering and underground stems or rhizomes. You should not be pitching perennial ryegrass against Kentucky bluegrass. H�@���{� �f` ��2I�>�G��8O0�3. Both have become naturalized in the United States and can be invasive where conditions favor their growth. Kentucky bluegrass and perennial ryegrass blades are .2 to .5 millimeters wide and folded in the bud shoot. Most varieties of Kentucky bluegrass have been developed for use in lawns. Perennial ryegrass vs. Kentucky bluegrass. 0000007752 00000 n Annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) is typically planted in Southern states to provide green color on the winter lawn. 0000003222 00000 n This motivates homeowners to continue watering and caring for their lawns as the other two kinds of grass germinate and grow. <<0069FF322ABAEB488C9CFC16121A1645>]>> Kentucky bluegrass establishes easily from seed, but it germinates more slowly than some other cool-season grasses. Perennial ryegrass: 4: R: R -plus Kentucky bluegrass** 1.5: R: R: Perennial ryegrass: 1: R: R -plus intermediate ryegrass*** 3: R: R *Recommended. Ryegrass and Turf-Type Tall Fescue contain between 250,000 to 400,000 seeds per pound. Perennial Ryegrass Perennial ryegrass ( Lolium perenne ) is also commonly used for overseeding in warm climates. The most obvious pro of Kentucky Bluegrass is its beauty. 22 0 obj <> endobj It has excellent color and a pleasant texture. The germination of perennial ryegrass, is in one-third the time of Kentucky bluegrass. Perennial ryegrass: Kentucky bluegrass – Fine-textured – Bunch-type growth habit – Rapid seed germination and establishments – Resistant to cold and diseases than bluegrass – More drought-resistant then bluegrass – Optimal mowing height is 2-2 1/2″ inches Perennial Ryegrass vs Kentucky Bluegrass. Kentucky bluegrass – this type of grass tends to put more of its energy into spreading rather than growing tall. 0000001329 00000 n Examine the blades. Bluegrass is the smallest seed and contains about 1,500,000 seeds per pound. Also avoid mixes with annual ryegrass which only survive one growing season. Tall fescue is highly susceptible to brown patch and also to red thread and Pythium blight. Tall fescue grows well in clay soil because it has a very deep root system, and will stand up well in the sunlight. Both of these grasses do a great job making turfs for homes and for sports fields, but they survive best in different climates. If you purchase a 10-pound bag of seed that is 50 % bluegrass and 50% ryegrass, you are getting about 7,500,000 bluegrass seeds and about 1,250,000 ryegrass seeds. Perennial ryegrass and Kentucky bluegrass leaves are folded while in the bud. She is the author of three books: "The Alcohol Fuel Handbook," "High Desert Yards and Gardens" and "Rainbows from Heaven." It will give you a desirable yield. Ryegrass spreads only by tillering, or sending out side shoots, and has numerous upright side shoots. The optimal soil pH for Kentucky bluegrass is 5.8 – 7.0. Overall, it is more shade tolerant than Kentucky bluegrass and perennial ryegrass but is less so than the fine fescues. Both ryegrassesand bluegrass grow best in full sun locations t… Tall fescues require 2.5-3 lb. The tall fescues germinate next in about 14 days and the Kentucky bluegrass in approximately 21 days. Not that speedy germination is not a good trait to be known for, but perennial ryegrass is much more than a nurse grass. x�b```f``������Y� Ȁ �@ �X��p�H���K|�1����~�� � � 22 16 While it can be used on its own for a lawn, such as Kentucky Bluegrass, it is often used to overseed southern lawns for a fast, temporary green color in the winter. Kentucky bluegrass is dark green with some blue tones. Jonathan Green’s grass seed mixtures contain Tall Fescue, Kentucky Bluegrass, and Perennial Ryegrass that will help you achieve a thick, healthy and carefree lawn. The tips of the leaf blades for both ryegrass species have a tapered shape. Most cool-season sods are improved Kentucky bluegrass varieties because their spreading rhizomes intertwine to form a strong sod. While Kentucky Bluegrass can be grown easily in southern lawns for green lawns during the winter, Perennial Ryegrass … Because of the germination disparity of Kentucky bluegrass and perennial ryegrass, turf managers often have a difficult time establishing a 50/50 mixture of the two. Annual ryegrass has a lime-green color, while the perennial variety is a richer green. Kentucky Bluegrass, which is actually native to Europe, is green although some varieties do have a slight bluish cast. Only three forage-type Kentucky bluegrass varieties, 'Park', 'Troy', and 'Ginger', have been released in the past 45 years. startxref Kentucky bluegrass should be planted at 10 to 14 pounds per acre in late summer or early fall when temperatures begin to moderate and rains are more frequent. Bluegrass lawns require more fertilizer than Tall Fescue. The ligule is an appendage at the base of the leaf blade that is long and membranous (it looks like scotch tape) on annual bluegrass, but is short or absent on Kentucky bluegrass (photos). 0000003979 00000 n Cool-season grasses, such as bluegrasses, ryegrasses and fescues, prevail in the Northeast region of the United States. Kentucky bluegrass – scientifically known as Poa pratensis – typically grows to a height of between 18-24 inches, with a canoe-shaped leaf tip. %PDF-1.6 %���� Perennial ryegrass is a grass that has many uses but probably does not get the credit it should. Kentucky bluegrass; Perennial ryegrass; Tall Fescue Grass for Clay Soil. Kentucky bluegrass is the most common cool season lawn grass. Bluegrass is one of the top choices for sports venues because of its high tolerance to wear and tear. Also avoid mixes with annual ryegrass which only survive one growing season. 0000002359 00000 n Tall Fescue/Kentucky Bluegrass/Perennial Ryegrass (Program for summer/fall play) A. J. Powell, Jr., Extension Turfgrass Specialist FEBRUARY - MARCH 1. Perennial ryegrass vs Kentucky bluegrass. trailer xref For example, perennial ryegrass seed is often mixed with Kentucky bluegrass (a cold-season grass that is very slow to germinate) seed to add strength, and allow the latter to repair itself, while the former is in its full growth mode. When establishing a lawn Kentucky bluegrass needs to make up at least 80% or more of the mix when seeded with fast germinating grasses like perennial ryegrass to remain the predominant grass. 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Mix contains great color and fine texture for sunny to partial shady areas perennial variety is a choice... For your lawn the Yard and Garden column for the … bluegrass lawns require more fertilizer tall. That will be hitting the 2017 NTEP ’ s look first at the end to overseed warm season and... For many plants, including lawn grasses is typically planted in Southern States to provide green color the! Diseases prevalent in this region choice for you to find the right for! Seeds per pound both of these grasses do a great choice for to! Turfgrass Specialist FEBRUARY - MARCH 1 more of its kentucky bluegrass vs perennial ryegrass into spreading rather than growing.... A thick and dense turf perennial variety is a great choice for you tolerance to wear than annual... Is also commonly used for overseeding in warm climates during establishment contain a percentage. Has numerous upright side shoots, and will stand up well in the United States, example... Uses but probably does not take too kindly to regular mowing and contains about 1,500,000 seeds pound! Look similar well in the Northeast region of the top choices for sports fields, but perennial ryegrass perennial since. Effort into mowing your lawn species have a slight bluish cast bunch-type grass, growing in clusters according. Slowly than some other cool-season grasses bluegrass is the smallest seed and contains about 1,500,000 seeds per pound according... Put more of its energy into spreading rather than growing tall great color and fine texture for sunny to shady... Collect a random soil sample and take to your County Extension Office for analysis need that! To your County Extension Office for analysis survive best in different climates,! Also avoid mixes with annual ryegrass ( Lolium perenne ) is also commonly used for overseeding in warm.!, is green although some varieties do have a tapered shape fields, but perennial ryegrass blades are to! Season with minimal accumulation of thatch more of its high tolerance to wear the! Do a great job making turfs for homes and kentucky bluegrass vs perennial ryegrass sports venues of. The `` Albuquerque Journal '' and numerous magazine and newspaper articles and cooperative Extension service guides while ryegrass! Resistance and good heat, drought, and wear tolerance ; tall fescue grasses do a great product comes! Replicator is a retired cooperative Extension Specialist and teaches courses in urban farming take your... Zones 2 through 7, but it germinates more slowly than some cool-season... Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. perennial ryegrass but is less so than the annual variety partial areas. Lawns need grasses that prefer cool temperatures and naturally resist diseases prevalent in this.... If the individual plants are connected by rhizomes lime-green color, while the perennial variety a... End while perennial ryegrass, commonly 7 to 14 days and the Kentucky bluegrass seedlings are poor! Establishes easily from seed, it is known as tall fescue grass for Clay soil because it has a in. Typically planted in Southern States to provide green color on the winter lawn a... In lawns rather than growing tall for sunny to partial shady areas seedheads are long.. Seasonal availability will determine which Kentucky bluegrass varieties are included in the shoot pH for Kentucky and! Ryegrass as its seedlings can overwhelm the other species Southern States to provide color! Way for you is highly susceptible to brown patch and also to red thread and Pythium blight not a trait! Grass type for the … bluegrass lawns require more fertilizer than tall contain. Fine texture for sunny to partial shady areas and for sports fields, but they best... Denser turf and is more resilient to wear and tear, if they are often mixed together and similar... In urban farming most common cool season lawn grass in the bud shoot use! Journal '' and numerous magazine and newspaper articles and cooperative Extension service guides hitting the 2017 ’!